Milia appear as a hardened 1–2 mm white-to-light yellow, dome-shaped bumps that are found in the outer layers of skin. They are not painful or itchy. Unlike a pimple, they are DIFFICULT to remove; so do not attempt removing them yourself. Scrubbing, picking/tweezing, and microdermabrasion are usually ineffective and can result in scarring/pocking, inflammatory pigmentation and/or infection if you attempt to remove them yourself.
Milia can occur in people of all ages, of any ethnicity, and in either sex. The most common locations for primary milia are around the eyes, cheeks, nose, and forehead. They are formed when keratin (a substance produced by the skin) becomes entrapped beneath the outer layer of the skin, forming a tiny encapsulated cyst. An individual milium (the singular of milia) is formed at the base of a hair follicle or sweat gland, and should not be confused with stubborn whiteheads (pus/sebum-filled pimples).
Secondary milia are also tiny cysts and look similar, but these develop after something clogs the ducts leading to the skin surface, such as after an injury, burn, or blistering of the skin.
Milia can be safely and easily treated during your facial visit at Skinplicity. This is the most desirable time to do so, as the skin is soft and pliable. Using professional devices and high magnification, the milia can be treated in a clean clinical environment, providing optimal results.
Xanthomas are another type of fat-filled lesions usually on the eyelid and under the eye. These are not to be confused with milia. Xanthomas are usually yellow/orange in color, irregular in shape, larger; and can be associated with hyperlipidaemia (elevated levels of lipids [fat] in the blood aka high cholesterol). Xanthomas are cholesterol deposits, but they require surgical removal - there isn't a method to "extract" them.
Syringoma is a non-cancerous (benign) skin-colored or slightly yellow, firm bump, usually found on the upper cheeks and lower eyelids of young adults. Syringomas are completely harmless and are caused by the overgrowth of cells from sweat glands (eccrine glands). Syringomas are harmless sweat duct tumors. They are most often found in clusters on the eyelids but they may also arise elsewhere on the face, in the armpits, umbilicus, upper chest and vulva.
Syringomas can appear at any age, though they usually occur after puberty. Syringomas can develop in people of any race and of either gender, though females are more commonly affected.
Syringomas sometimes run in families. Up to 18% of people with Down syndrome have syringomas. People with diabetes mellitus are more likely to have a type known as clear cell syringomas.
Some syringomas depending their location, size, and proliferation, may be treated during your facial visit using high-frequency.