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Hyperpigmentation is a condition where melanocytes (cells of darkened pigment) congregate on the surface of the skin. There are several forms of hyperpigmentation, and it has many causes. Hyperpigmentation may be flat or raised lesions and small spots on the skin, occur in little patches, or it may present as a darken area or mask. Lack of pigmentation is called hypo – pigmentation. Sun exposure, poor diet, genetics, hormones, diseases, pregnancy & lactation, and medications are all possible causes of hyperpigmentation. Many times hyperpigmentation can be caused by using the wrong products on the skin as well as receiving improper skin care treatments (such as microdermabrasion, IPL, laser, Ultherapy, strong products, and improper chemical peels).
Sometimes, the pinkness or darkening of the skin from acne is referred to as hyperpigmentation; however, this is a true type of hyperpigmentation, and may need to be addressed differently. Dark or light marks from acne are not true scarring. Scarring manifests itself as a change in skin texture, tone, pitting, and keloid tissue. That is why it is very important to have acne treated especially if it is cystic, to avoid acne scarring.